Unit 3. Defining a site (I)


In this section we're going to see what a web site is, how to create one and manage it, how to modify the document properties, what the bottom colour can be.

Introduction

 

A web site is a Set of archives and folders, related to each other, and with a similar design or common objective. it's necessary to design and to plan the Web Site before creating the Pages that are going to be contained in this Web Site.

The traditional way of making a site consists of creating A folder in local disc. HTML documents are usually created in this folder, whereas to contain the images, the animations, the style sheets, etc. new folders within this one are due to be created, with the objective to have a better organization of the archives at the time of working. This is what is known as a Local site.

Then the archives in a web server will be able to be copied, in the denominated Remote site, which is equivalent to publishing the site, so that people will be able to see it in Internet.

The organization of the archives in a site allows the administrator to share archives, automatically maintain the links, and use FTP to load the local site onto the server, etc.

It's convenient that the home Page of the site has the name index.htm or index.html, because the browsers look for a Page with that name when they try to access to a generic URL.

For example, if we wrote the generic direction http://www.teacherclick.com in the browser, this one would try to load the Page http://www.teacherclick.com/index.htm, and so an error would take place in case any Page with the name index.htm. doesn't exist.

Creating and publishing a Website

Once the folders that will form a local site are created, it's possible to define the site in Dreamweaver.

So, it's necesary to go to Site menu, and select the Manage Sites... option.

Remember that through the Files panel, and then the Files tab, it's possible to access each one of the created sites and the Manage Sites option.

In the case of having selected the Manage sites option, a window appears that contains the list of local sites previously defined.

Of course, several local sites in a same computer can exist.

If the New option is chosen, or if the Edit option is chosen, it will show the same window where the characteristics of the site are going to be defined.

 

The characteristics of the site are grouped in different categories that appear on the left.

To visualize the characteristics of a Category you just have to select it by clicking on it.

Lets look at the data to edit for the Local Info category.

Site name has to be defined, and Local root folder , which is where you find the site in the local hard disk.

Then, if it's required, through the Site Map Layout category it can be defined as the home Page of the site, of which the rest of the HTML documents inside the site will depend, if in the root folder of the site, a Page exists with the name: index.htm or index.html, Dreamweaver will select it by defect.

These three characteristics are essential when you are defining a local site.

We're not interested in the other options at this stage because we're focusing on defining the local site, and it isn't necessary to establish the server data located in the remote site.

After filling in all the data, we click on the Ok button and open the site.

If we would rather use an Assistant to create the web site, we just have to select the Basics tab instead of Advanced tab.

Opening a site

 

To open a site previously defined you have to go to Site menu, then to the Manage sites... option, and select the site out of the sites list and clic on the Done button.

We could use the Files panel too, then look at and select the site to open in the drop down menu of the Files tab.

If you want, you can look for an example regarding configuring the remote site, look for it here.

 

To practice you can perform the Step by step exercises to Create a local Web Site



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November-2005.